دشمن



[Ebook] ➯ دشمن ➮ J.M. Coetzee – E17streets4all.co.uk mhttp vandadjalili article mhttp vandadjalili article.دشمن

John Maxwell Coetzee is an author and academic from South Africa He became an Australian citizen in after relocating there in A novelist and literary critic as well as a translator, Coetzee has won the Booker Prize twice and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

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  • Paperback
  • 158 pages
  • دشمن
  • J.M. Coetzee
  • Farsi
  • 17 December 2019

10 thoughts on “دشمن

  1. says:

    Foe, J.M Coetzee Foe is a 1986 novel by South African born Nobel laureate J M Coetzee Woven around the existing plot of Robinson Crusoe, Foe is written from the perspective of Susan Barton, a castaway who landed on the same island inhabited by Cruso and Friday as their adventures were already underway Like Robinson Crusoe, it is a frame story, unfolded as Barton s narrative while in England attempting to convince the writer Daniel Foe to help transform her tale into popular fiction Focus Foe, J.M Coetzee Foe is a 1986 novel by South African born Nobel laureate J M Coetzee Woven around the existing plot of Robinson Crusoe, Foe is written from the perspective of Susan Barton, a castaway who landed on the same island inhabited by Cruso and Friday as their adventures were already underway Like Robinson Crusoe, it is a frame story, unfolded as Barton s narrative while in England attempting to convince the writer Daniel Foe to help transform her tale into popular fiction Focused primarily on themes of language and power, the novel was the subject of criticism in South Africa, where it was regarded as politically irrelevant on its release Coetzee revisited the composition of Robinson Crusoe in 2003 in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech.Susan Barton is on a quest to find her kidnapped daughter whom she knows has been taken to the New World She is set adrift during a mutiny on a ship to Lisbon When she comes ashore, she finds Friday and Cruso who has grown complacent, content to forget his past and live his life on the island with Friday tongueless by what Cruso claims to have been the act of former slave owners in attendance Arriving near the end of their residence, Barton is only on the island for a year before the trio is rescued, but the homesick Cruso does not survive the voyage to England In England with Friday, Barton attempts to set her adventures on the island to paper, but she feels her efforts lack popular appeal She tries to convince novelist Daniel Foe to help with her manuscript, but he does not agree on which of her adventures is interesting Foe would prefer to set her story of the island as one episode of a,formulaic, story of a mother looking for her lost daughter, and when he does write on the story she wishes, fabulates about Cruso s adventures rather than relating her facts Frustrating Barton s efforts further, Foe, who becomes her lover, is preoccupied with debt and has little time or energy to write about anything Barton s story takes a twist with the return of someone claiming to be her missing daughter 2012 1390 151 9789640013908 20 1389 158 9789643629762

  2. says:

    People are extraneous, people are absent Coetzee is complicated this short novella is one of his best except for the ingloriously vapid ending Hated it But all the questions posed by J.M Coetzee, mainly about fiction vs Biography, existential conundrums that arise, create a maudlin cloud the pathos the reader deserves also craves People are extraneous, people are absent Coetzee is complicated this short novella is one of his best except for the ingloriously vapid ending Hated it But all the questions posed by J.M Coetzee, mainly about fiction vs Biography, existential conundrums that arise, create a maudlin cloud the pathos the reader deserves also craves

  3. says:

    NOTES IN THE MARGIN Footprints in the Sand of Time Hello You don t know me I bought your book online I don t know your name I don t even know whether you re dead or alive You made notations in the margin I noticed them straight away some were in pencil, some, later, when I looked, were in pen, although they might have been made by someone else We started to note similar things and make similar comments After a while, I started to make fewer comments, because I was content with yours Ei NOTES IN THE MARGIN Footprints in the Sand of Time Hello You don t know me I bought your book online I don t know your name I don t even know whether you re dead or alive You made notations in the margin I noticed them straight away some were in pencil, some, later, when I looked, were in pen, although they might have been made by someone else We started to note similar things and make similar comments After a while, I started to make fewer comments, because I was content with yours Either that, or I started to think like you, to walk in your footsteps I m a reader like you You re a reader like me Reader Like me Please Whoever you are I don t think there are many of us around Let me know if you get this message In the meantime, I ll try to write a review I hope it s an OK one I hope we like it NOTES FROM THE MARGIN Friend or FoeFoeraises fascinating metafictional ideas in a text that is just as economical 157 pages as it is intellectually and aesthetically stimulating.It s a postmodern reconstruction ofRobinson Crusoethat asks questions about empire and colonialism, slavery and dominion, history and fictional narrative, especially its ownership What is the story about Whose story or perspective is it Who is telling the story Who owns the story that results Plantation and Quotation MarksCoetzee tells his tale in four parts.The first is wholly contained in quotation marks It purports to be the perspective of Susan Barton, incidentally a character from a subsequent Daniel Defoe novel Roxana , who inFoeends up on the island with Cruso sic and Friday whose tongue has been cut out by slavers.The second is largely epistolary, being the letters written by Susan Barton to Foe, trying to get him to write her story for publication Again, this section is in quotation marks.The third is an almost Borgesian confrontation between Susan and Foe, which begins,The staircase was dark and meanThere are no quotation marks around the section.History and HeritageThe fourth begins with the words,The staircase is dark and meanIt mimics the beginning of the previous section but in present tense , there are no quotation marks, however, it s not clear whether the narrator is actually Susan Barton or whether theauthorof this section is the same author as any or all of the previous sections It s quite possible that this author is a contemporary writer or reader i.e., us who is visiting Defoe s home complete with heritage plaque It s as if the narrator is a visitor to the home, narrating their experience in the physical space, as well as their imaginary extrapolation of events that could have taken place here three centuries before.Dying to Tell the TaleThe bulk of the first three sections explores the power relationship between Cruso and Susan Eventually, it becomes clear that she will have to tell or commission the telling of his and or their story The second option necessitates the involvement of Foe, who de authenticises the tale, in order to make itentertaining and commercially successful.Not only does this dialectic raise issues about control and ownership of the narrative, it dramatises a power struggle between two genders.Friday on My MindJust as Susan recognises her own need and desire to communicate, increasingly, her own perspective comes to focus on the plight of Fridaythis is not a place of words This is a place where bodies are their own signs It is the home of Friday He has no tongue, therefore he cannot speak He knows little English, and presumably cannot write Therefore, apparently, he has no capacity to contribute his version of the story, in other words, a black version of history.Susan starts to teach Friday how to write in the third section.As if the issues raised in section four aren t enough, I wondered whether Friday might havewrittenthe entire novel.Thus, there is a sense in which the book can be read as a post colonial work that gives voice not just to non whites, but simultaneously to women In any event, just as it subverts the authorial conventions of literature, it subverts the social conventions of white male authoritarianism.Friday, I m in Love This review might make the novel sound very academic The truth, however, is that it s exquisitely written Not one word is surplus or out of place It consumes our imagination so effectively that we don t need any distraction However, having achieved its goal, it remains a distraction for the reader I m sure the previous reader would agree with me SOUNDTRACK The Cure Friday, I m In LoveI don t care if Cruso s blue,Author s gray and readers too.Defoe, I don t care about you,Coz, Friday, I m in love https www.youtube.com watch v mGgMZThe Easybeats Friday On My Mind Bowie Friday On My Mind Floyd See Emily PlayShe s often inclined to borrow somebody s dreams till tomorrow https www.youtube.com watch v 5R8Ephttps www.youtube.com watch v p6HFkDavid Bowie See Emily Play It is not whoring to entertain other people s stories and return them to the world better dressedJ.M Coetzee

  4. says:

    We must make Friday s silence speak, as well as the silence surrounding FridayDaniel Defoe Daniel Foe s novel Robinson Crusoe was Coetzee s childhood favorite novel At first, he had thought it was a memoir of the title character In fact, Foe published the book as an account of a real castaway The realization that the character was fictional, this intermixing of real and fictional, had a huge impact on him Besides this novel, Coetzee also visited the Robinson Crusoe in the short storyWe must make Friday s silence speak, as well as the silence surrounding FridayDaniel Defoe Daniel Foe s novel Robinson Crusoe was Coetzee s childhood favorite novel At first, he had thought it was a memoir of the title character In fact, Foe published the book as an account of a real castaway The realization that the character was fictional, this intermixing of real and fictional, had a huge impact on him Besides this novel, Coetzee also visited the Robinson Crusoe in the short story he read as Nobel prize acceptance speech, He and His Man The theme of which can be summed up in the following quote from FoeCruso rescued will be a deep disappointment to the world the idea of a Cruso on his island is a better thing than the true Cruso tight lipped and sullen in an alien EnglandThat is the case here as well Besides being an adventure novel, Defoe s Robinson Crusoe I haven t read the book is a symbol of British Nationalism in its worst formHe is the true prototype of the British colonist The whole Anglo Saxon spirit in Crusoe the manly independence, the unconscious cruelty, the persistence, the slow yet efficient intelligence, the sexual apathy, the calculating taciturnityJames Joyce Of course, the ideal of an intellectual living an isolated life in Britain with no or little experience of sea and seamen is going to be nowhere near the actual people who might be cast away The Crusoe as Coetzee presented him is not adventurous, not at all persistent in his effort to escape, doesn t try to start a civilisation, had no offers from cannibals for him to refuse and thus prove his nationalism, didn t rescue Friday, rather bought him, was pretty happy in living on an island and doesn t make half as good a story.However, the book is farthan a retelling we have only talked one third of the book The book later goes meta fictional, creating a new conversation between real and fiction and fills itself with reflections on the art of story telling later fills itself of reflections on the art of story tellingWhen I reflect on my story I seem to exist only as the one who came, the one who witnessed, the one who longed to be gone a being without substance, a ghost beside the true body of Cruso Is that the fate of all storytellersAnd then the most important theme, the silent ones The narrator, for the most part, is Susan Barton In Coetzee s alternative version, it is Susan who brought Crusoe s story to Foe who is present as a character , for him to write A voice that disappeared in Foe s book, just as the female voices usually disappeared from narratives written by men at that time And she herself lacks the confidence, rather choosing to take the passive position of muse, who must speak through others view spoilerDo you know the story of the Muse, Mr Foe The Muse is a woman, a goddess, who visits poets in the night and begets stories upon them In the accounts they give afterwards, the poets say that she comes in the hour of their deepest despair and touches them with sacred fire, after which their pens, that have been dry, flow When I wrote my memoir for you and saw how like the island it was, under my pen, dull and vacant and without life, I wished that there were such a being as a man Muse, a youthful god who visited authoresses in the night and made their pens flow But now I know better The Muse is both goddess and begetter I was intended not to be the mother of my story, but to beget it It is not I who am the intended, but youhide spoiler Hers, though, is not the only silenced voice Another silenced voice is that of Friday Probably most remarkable feature of the Foe s book was Crusoe s slave Friday whom he named after the day he was found The lack of a name in itself is symbolic To drive the point home, Coetzee made Friday s silence physical by making him tongueless Now, a real tribesman wouldn t probably won t be as submissive as Foe will have us believe, so much that Man Friday the proverbial phrase, is derived from the name of this character, for a perfectly submissive servant butFriday has no command of words and therefore no defense against being re shaped day by day inconformity with the desires of othersSusan, a mother who has lost her daughter, adopts FridayA woman may bear a child she does not want and rear it without loving it, yet be ready to defend it with her lifeIn her compassion for Friday, she is able to see through the hypocrisy of Western Colonialism Were Westerns really trying to civilize people or did they just wanted slavesThere are times when benevolence deserts me and I use words only as the shortest way to subject him to my will At such times I understand why Cruso preferred not to disturb his mutenessorHow did he differ from one of the wild Indians whom explorers bring back with them, in a cargo ofparakeets and golden idols and indigo and skins of panthers, to show they have truly been to the AmericasAnd thus, Coetzee starts talking about the conditions of underdogs women, AfricansHow dismal a fate it would be to go through life unkissed Yet if you remain in England, Friday, will that not become your fate Where are you to meet a woman of your own people We are not a nation rich in slavesSusan frequently compares Friday and at times herself to a dog, not to belittle Friday or herself butRather I wish to point to how unnatural a lot it is for a dog or any other creature to be kept from its kind also to how the impulse of love, which urges us toward our own kind, perishes duringconfinement or loses its wayCoetzee is very particular about animal rights, he has said something similar in Disgrace as well.Probably, talking about his own literary ambitions, Coetzee say, we must make the underdogs speak, must help them where they need help Susan wants Friday to be able to speak, feeling the inhumanity and loneliness of the power she will otherwise have on Foe view spoilerI say that the desire for answering speech is the desire for the embrace of, the embrace by, another being Do I make my meaning clear You are very likely a virgin, Friday Perhaps you are even unacquainted with the parts of generation Yet surely you feel, however obscurely, something within you that draws you toward a woman of your own kind, and not toward an ape or a fish And what you want to achieve with that woman, though you might puzzle forever over the means were she not to assist you, is what I too want to achieve, and compared in my similitude to ananswering kisshide spoiler But she doesn t have high hopesNature did not intend me for a teacher, I lack patienceThe Foe of the story though is optimisticThe waterskater, that is an insect and dumb, traces the name of God on the surfaces of ponds, or so the Arabians say None is so deprived that he cannot writeNote I haven t read Robinson Crusue, all information about that book I used here is Wiki sourced

  5. says:

    It seems a lifetime ago that I read Robinson Crusoe and I can hardly remember anything from it other than knowing it s obvious storyline of a guy being marooned on an island I wondered whether or not it would make any difference in regards to reading Foe In the end it didn t really matter, as I found this messy re working not that special anyway Of the four Coetzee novels I ve now read, Foe I found to be the weakest It s a clever idea, giving the classic a deconstructionist turn by adding ne It seems a lifetime ago that I read Robinson Crusoe and I can hardly remember anything from it other than knowing it s obvious storyline of a guy being marooned on an island I wondered whether or not it would make any difference in regards to reading Foe In the end it didn t really matter, as I found this messy re working not that special anyway Of the four Coetzee novels I ve now read, Foe I found to be the weakest It s a clever idea, giving the classic a deconstructionist turn by adding new characters and including the original author himself, with his disputed reactions and shrewd wisdom, and it s written well enough, but when compared to his extraordinarily convincing novels Waiting for the Barbarians disgrace then Foe just isn t on the same island,like stuck on a reef The young castaway widow Susan Barton is really central to this parable tale, and not Cruso Coetzee omits the e from his name , who is an irascible, lazy, imperious man who has little interest in actually trying to escape from the island, with poor old Friday just moping at his side without the ability to talk seeing as he has no tongue, which could be viewed as a social emblem for black South Africans, seeing as Coetzee has used allegorical political material before After rescue, Cruso snuffs it, and back in England, the main focus is of Susan and Friday s travels and then Foe, and her efforts to persuade him to turn her account of life on the island into an adventure book He on the other hand is farinterested in Susan s two years spent in Bahia, which was a time of indifference to her This side story, then sort of becomes the main story, when the supposed daughter of Susan shows up out of nowhere, and yet she has no recollection of her But she does in fact have a missing daughter who was abducted and conveyed to the New World She went looking for her in Brazil before taking a ship to Lisbon and becoming the captain s lover before the sailors mutiny wreaks havoc I found there to be too much going on in the last third of the novel, like it s pulling in all sorts of directions not knowing where it wants to go I didn t think much of its ambiguous ending either I did though like Susan Barton, in the fact that she took on the responsibility of trying to find a safe passage home for Friday, who was completely lost at sea wandering around southern England with her She could have quite easily just left him in a ditch somewhere Still, would probably have been better off reading Defoe s classic that will always stand the test of time, whereas this won t

  6. says:

    In Foe, Susan Barton is set adrift in a rowboat after a mutiny on a ship sailing from South America to Lisbon She lands on an island where Cruso and Friday had been cast away years ago In Coetzee s retelling of the Robinson Crusoe tale, Cruso is content with his simple life on the island Friday has been transformed from a Caribbean to a black African whose tongue had been cut out by slave owners The three castaways are rescued after Susan has spent one year on the island, but Cruso dies on h In Foe, Susan Barton is set adrift in a rowboat after a mutiny on a ship sailing from South America to Lisbon She lands on an island where Cruso and Friday had been cast away years ago In Coetzee s retelling of the Robinson Crusoe tale, Cruso is content with his simple life on the island Friday has been transformed from a Caribbean to a black African whose tongue had been cut out by slave owners The three castaways are rescued after Susan has spent one year on the island, but Cruso dies on his way back to Europe Susan wants to write their story so she contacts the author Daniel Foe to turn her narration into a book But Foe wants to tell a different story about Susan than the one she thinks is important Susan is also disturbed about Friday s lack of a voice Although Friday has been liberated from slavery, he cannot ever really be free with no voice The theme seems to be that the oppressed and disadvantaged have been silenced, and lost the authorship of their own stories.J.M Coetzee was writing in 1986 in South Africa where communication problems and cultural differences existed between the black Africans and white colonialists The original Crusoe story was a fictional autobiography and adventure story with 17th Century ideas about colonialism, gender, and slavery Coetzee has updated the tale by adding a woman narrator, an African servant, and a 20th Century outlook

  7. says:

    In recent readings of Coetzee s Defoe pastiche, I have become facinated with the figure of Friday s empty mouth Obviously the open O, the unvoiced scream, the signs arranged on the beach as evidence of Friday s voice as it is both silenced and withheld, speaks to the trope of subaltern That said, I believe Coetzee isinterested in our assumption that Friday is without a speech organ, tongue less Recall that the only evidence of this tonguelessness comes from the travel narrative that C In recent readings of Coetzee s Defoe pastiche, I have become facinated with the figure of Friday s empty mouth Obviously the open O, the unvoiced scream, the signs arranged on the beach as evidence of Friday s voice as it is both silenced and withheld, speaks to the trope of subaltern That said, I believe Coetzee isinterested in our assumption that Friday is without a speech organ, tongue less Recall that the only evidence of this tonguelessness comes from the travel narrative that Crusoe gives where he imagines Friday s suffering at the hands of slave traders and other savages , as well, in each instance of Susan s quest to see the stub , the remains, she turns away from what she imagines will be too physical and too evocative fleshy remnants What does it mean that we fill in the gap in the gape Friday is tongueless because we agree to the imagining protocol that names him as such

  8. says:

    This book is sheer poetry The language, the pacing, the images a feast for the mind As I see it Coetzee is the most important writer of our times It is almost ridiculous to praise his style, as the way he formulates the questions and ideas of his writing is so perfectly self contained and self explanatory Unaffected simplicity and clarity translate into utmost sophistication.At the centre of his work lies the idea of compassion for animals, for the ones left behind by society, for the crip This book is sheer poetry The language, the pacing, the images a feast for the mind As I see it Coetzee is the most important writer of our times It is almost ridiculous to praise his style, as the way he formulates the questions and ideas of his writing is so perfectly self contained and self explanatory Unaffected simplicity and clarity translate into utmost sophistication.At the centre of his work lies the idea of compassion for animals, for the ones left behind by society, for the crippled, for the ridiculous, for the invisible A light is cast upon them in his writing by most naturally granting them the position of visible characters no slick tricks, no handy word games One of the most humbling of Coetzee s gifts.I will keep coming back to this book, just like I do with all of Coetzee s books, in hope to prevent myself from forgetting their questions and at the same time to grant myself relief though his unparalleled art of conveying them

  9. says:

    Fancy being driven to pictures.When I read a novel, I m looking for this and this with big hints along the way like and this I thought I was doing fine with this Coetzee I found in Leiden recently There s a woman and she is on a desert island for a while and then she s rescued and she s bogged down with Man Friday and Daniel Defoe s in it writing her story and I thought I got it But I couldn t help feeling now and again like and trying to figure it all out made things worse.Frankly, in the end Fancy being driven to pictures.When I read a novel, I m looking for this and this with big hints along the way like and this I thought I was doing fine with this Coetzee I found in Leiden recently There s a woman and she is on a desert island for a while and then she s rescued and she s bogged down with Man Friday and Daniel Defoe s in it writing her story and I thought I got it But I couldn t help feeling now and again like and trying to figure it all out made things worse.Frankly, in the end, I felt like I was in the middle of xkcd s google map directions goodreads has made a hash of this, please go link here to see it I don t know, Mr Coetzee I really don t know I wish when I d got to the lake and saw the trouble ahead, I d just turned back I m going to have a lie down and a nice cup of tea now That s if I m still alive, if I was real Perhaps the book has the answer to that

  10. says:

    Foe reminds meof Robert Coover s multilayered, metafictional

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