Мертвые души

A Stranger Arrives In A Russian Backwater Community With A Bizarre Proposition For The Local Landowners Cash For Their Dead Souls, The Serfs Who Have Died In Their Service And For Whom They Must Continue To Pay Taxes Until The Next Census The Landowner Receives A Payment And A Relief Of His Tax Burden, And The Stranger Receives What Gogol S Comic Masterpiece Offers A Vast And Satirical Painting Of The Russian Panorama As It Traces The Path And Encounters Of Its Mysterious Protagonist In Pursuit Of His Dubious Scheme Dead Souls, Regarded As Both A Realistic Portrait Of 19th Century Russia And A Work Of Great Symbolism, Continues To Inspire 21st Century Authors And ReadersМертвые души

was born in the Ukrainian Cossack village of Sorochyntsi, in Poltava Governorate of the Russian Empire, present day Ukraine His mother was a descendant of Polish nobility His father Vasily Gogol Yanovsky, a descendant of Ukrainian Cossacks, belonged to the petty gentry, wrote poetry in Russian and Ukrainian, and was an amateur Ukrainian language playwright who died when Gogol was 15 years old.In 1820 Gogol went to a school of higher art in Nizhyn and remained there until 1828 It was there that he began writing Very early he developed a dark and secretive disposition, marked by a painful self consciousness and boundless ambition Equally early he developed an extraordinary talent for mimicry which later on made him a matchless reader of his own works.In 1828, on leaving school, Gogol came to Petersburg He had hoped for literary fame and brought with him a Romantic poem of German idyllic life Ganz K chelgarten He had it published, at his own expense, under the name of V Alov The magazines he sent it to almost universally derided it He bought all the copies and destroyed them, swearing never to write poetry again.Gogol was one of the first masters of the short story, alongside Alexander Pushkin, Prosper M rim e, E T A Hoffmann, and Nathaniel Hawthorne He was in touch with the literary aristocracy , and was taken up by Vasily Zhukovsky and Pyotr Pletnyov, and in 1831 was introduced to Pushkin.In 1831, he brought out the first volume of his Ukrainian stories Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka , which met with immediate success He followed it in 1832 with a second volume, and in 1835 by two volumes of stories entitled Mirgorod, as well as by two volumes of miscellaneous prose entitled Arabesques At this time, Gogol developed a passion for Ukrainian history and tried to obtain an appointment to the history department at Kiev University His fictional story Taras Bulba, based on the history of Ukrainian cossacks, was the result of this phase in his interests Between 1832 and 1836 Gogol worked with great energy, though almost all his work has in one way or another its sources in his four years of contact with Pushkin Only after the presentation, on 19 April 1836, of his comedy The Government Inspector Revizor that he finally came to believe in his literary vocation.From 1836 to 1848 he lived abroad, travelling throughout Germany and Switzerland, as well as spending the winter of 1836 1837 in Paris.Pushkin s death produced a strong impression on Gogol His principal work during years following Pushkin s death was the satirical epic Dead Souls Concurrently, he worked at other tasks recast Taras Bulba and The Portrait, completed his second comedy, Marriage Zhenitba , wrote the fragment Rome and his most famous short story, The Overcoat.After the triumph of Dead Souls, Gogol came to be regarded as a great satirist who lampooned the unseemly sides of Imperial Russia However, Dead Souls was but the first part of a counterpart to The Divine Comedy The first part represented the Inferno the second part was to depict the gradual purification and transformation of the rogue Chichikov under the influence of virtuous publicans and governors Purgatory.His last years were spent in restless movement throughout the country He intensified his relationship with a church elder, Matvey Konstantinovsky He seems to have strengthened in Gogol the fear of perdition by insisting on the sinfulness of all his imaginative work His health was undermined by exaggerated ascetic practices and he fell into a state of deep depression On the night of 24 February 1852, he burned some of his manuscripts, which contained most of the second part of Dead Souls He explained this as a mistake, a practical joke played on him by the Devil Soon thereafter, he took to bed, refused all food, and died in great pain nine days later.

PDF / Epub ✅ Мертвые души Author Nikolai Gogol – E17streets4all.co.uk
  • Paperback
  • 290 pages
  • Мертвые души
  • Nikolai Gogol
  • 01 June 2018
  • 9781543164022

10 thoughts on “Мертвые души

  1. says:

    The book goes way back to 1842, before Russian serfs were emancipated in 1861 It s considered a picaresque novel Don Quixote ish a journey with a lot of satire and absurd situations with a rascal as a main character, a man who always has a get rich quick scheme going He s kind of happy go lucky a drinker, gambler, liar There are than 2,000 reviews on GR so I ll be brief In this story the main character is buying dead souls papers from other property owners whose serfs died ownership of serfs went with the property The point was to reduce his tax burden, since serfs were taxed unless he had papers showing they had died In the process we learn about life in Russia at the time masters and peasants He travels by coach with two servants and goes to a lot of taverns gambling Each negotiation to buy serfs is different We attend high society balls The author comments a lot on languag...

  2. says:

    2.0 stars As much as I hate to say this about a book that is both a classic of Russian literature and considered one of the best satires ever written, THIS BOOK BORED ME TO DEATH Okay, not quite coffin ready dead, but certainly bored to the point of suffering intermittent bouts of narcolepsy I can certainly say without hyperbole that this is not a book I would recommend as an enjoyable experience, no matter how much Vodka you have standing by.My assessment of the book arises DESPITE the fact that the novel is very well written and gives an excellent description of old Russia cold, dreary and depressing but otherwise a great place to visit The historical detail is both precise and very broad as Gogol includes in the narrative detailed discussions of many aspects of Russian life from the economy to social life to politics to the very unique mindset of the Russian people Thus, as a historical overview of a not very well known period of Russian history the novel is very good In addition, the basic plot itself or at least the idea of the plot was very interesting The dead souls of the title refers to the measuring unit i.e., souls used by the Russian census takers to count the numbers of serfs that landowners owned Serfs, while not exactly the same as slaves, are similar enough for purposes of this review as they were considered property and had...

  3. says:

    Nik lai G gol es considerado uno de los padres de la literatura rusa junto con el eterno Alexandr Pushkin Es gracias a ellos que Rusia fue conocida a nivel literario en toda Europa G gol, originario de la peque a Rusia como se denominaba a Ucrania en los tiempos de los zares fue el pionero de la literatura moderna, adem s de perfeccionar junto con Pushkin la manera de escribir, as tambi n como dar a conocer a Rusia al lector com n, adem s de los estratos literarios m s sofisticados Luego de per odo ucraniano, G gol se traslada a San Petersburgo a vivir, raz n por la cual su obra de desdobla en estos dos lugares.La obra de G gol no es tan extensa como la de otros autores rusos, pero marc a fuego con su talento narrativo a todas las generaciones subsiguientes en su pa s y destaco entre todos ellos a Fi dor Dostoievski quien ya hab a acu ado su frase Todos descendemos del capote de G gol y a Lev Tolstoi, quien seguramente se haya inspirado en esta extensa novela para escribir uno de sus cuentos m s geniales, me refiero a Cu nta tierra necesita un hombre en donde emparenta el af n de conseguir tierras del personaje principal, Pajom con la obsesi n de Chichikov por comprar almas muertas En su obra encontramos sus cuentos m s inmortales como El Capote , La Nar z , Viy , Diario de un Loco , esta novela, Tar s Bulba y obras de teatro El Inspector , las cuales son pruebas inequ vocas de su mae...

  4. says:

    Dead Souls Reading DiaryJanuary 4th, 2019I ve just reached page 249 where finally the hero, to the waving of the cap of the houseman, who was standing there in the same fustian frock coat, and in the presence of the inn servants and someone else s lackeys and coachmen, who had gathered to gape at the departure of someone else s master, and amid all the other circumstances that accompany a departure, took his seat in the vehicle, and the britska, which was of the sort in which bachelors ride, and which has been standing so long in the town and thus has perhaps even become boring to the reader, finally drove out of the gate of the hostelryIf I ve felt the need to post this long passage here, therefore beginning on this review though I ve not finished reading the book yet, it s because I m struck by the mirror effect of the scene which occurs half way through the book Gogol, who is a slippery devil, has just made his main character take the reverse journey he took on page 1, when, through the gate of a hostelry in a provincial capital that will remain nameless rolled a small, rather handsome britska on springs, of the kind in which bachelors travel retired lieutenant colonels, staff captains, landowners possessing a hundred or so peasant souls in a word, all those who are known as gentl...

  5. says:

    DEAD SOULS by Nikolai GogolEvery writer carries with him an essential book, the work in which he has to tell everything From the day he saw it, when he began to realize it, to think of himself, his vision of the world and the conception of his own life revolve around this pole the work becomes the symbol of man, his message.It s about a crook, Pavel Ivanovich Tchitchikov The latter has an extraordinary idea to make a fortune he will redeem dead souls.In ancient Russia the peasants dead souls, as they were called , were considered to be a security they were sold, bought, and the owner paid a tax per male and adult male head The census was every ten years, so that in the meantime he continued to pay tax on all deceased serfs on his property The clever and brilliant idea of Tchitchikov was to buy in good and due form dead souls since the last census the owner ...

  6. says:

    My rtvyjye d shi Dead Souls, Nikolai Gogol 1809 1852 Dead Souls Russian , My rtvyjye d shi is a novel by Nikolai Gogol, first published in 1842, and widely regarded as an exemplar of 19th century Russian literature The purpose of the novel was to demonstrate the flaws and faults of the Russian mentality and character Gogol portrayed those defects through Pavel Ivanovich Chichikov Russian and the people whom he encounters in his endeavours These people are typical of the Russian middle class of the time Gogol himself saw it as an epic poem in prose , and within the book as a novel in verse Despite supposedly completing the trilogy s second part, Gogol destroyed it shortly before his death Although the novel ends in mid sentence like Sterne s Sentimental Journey , it is usually regarded as complete in the extant form The original title, as shown on the illustration cover page , was The Wanderings of Chichikov, or Dead Souls Poema , which co...

  7. says:

    What is this book I can t remember any if Gogol described it as a Poem or an Epic, maybe it doesn t matter what he called it since he had great chunks of the manuscript fed into the fire on the advice of his religious advisor.So we are left with part one, some bits of part two and an outline of the three part whole of the work, the rest having gone up in smoke.What there is of the first part is generally read as a comedy It is funny, but bear in mind that the first part is about a young man travelling around in rural Russia in the 1820s buying the souls of dead peasants from their masters This isn t that kind of a supernatural book though, buying dead souls the title was originally censored because as the Church teaches souls are immortal and can t be dead was a reasonable financial undertaking at the time Serfs could be mortgaged by their owners Censuses in Imperial Russia were only undertaken once every twenty five years and peasants who had died since the last one enjoyed a strange half life in which they could still be mortgaged even though as assets they were completely non liquid at least financially speaking since they were securely lodged in the graveyard So we find our hero, or hero , travelling about, meeting various members of the nobility and att...

  8. says:

    Gogol s Dead Souls is a true masterpiece It is the only Russian novel that I have read that brings me as much deep satisfaction as Dostoevsky s great novels The novel is satirical, intellectual, political, and also entertaining The intriguing plot is sketched as follows A somewhat mysterious middle class man, named Chichikov, comes to a town and attempts to build prestige by impressing minor officials of the place The man spends beyond his means in order to impress, and tries to befriend the townspeople in order to execute a curious little plan regarding the selling of dead souls.The idea is that the Russian state taxes these landowners pay are based on the number of serfs or souls on record The problem is that many of these landowners must also pay for the serfs that have already died It is these dead souls that Chichikov wants to buy from the landowners He does not...

  9. says:

    Wall Street 19 , , , , , , , , , , , , 19 , , , , , .

  10. says:

    348 11 5

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