This Masterpiece Of Science And Mathematical Fiction Is A Delightfully Unique And Highly Entertaining Satire That Has Charmed Readers For Than Years The Work Of English Clergyman, Educator And Shakespearean Scholar Edwin A Abbott , It Describes The Journeys Of A Squaresic Ed , A Mathematician And Resident Of The Two Dimensional Flatland, Where Women Thin, Straight Lines Are The Lowliest Of Shapes, And Where Men May Have Any Number Of Sides, Depending On Their Social StatusThrough Strange Occurrences That Bring Him Into Contact With A Host Of Geometric Forms, Square Has Adventures In Spaceland Three Dimensions , Lineland One Dimension And Pointland No Dimensions And Ultimately Entertains Thoughts Of Visiting A Land Of Four Dimensions A Revolutionary Idea For Which He Is Returned To His Two Dimensional World Charmingly Illustrated By The Author, Flatland Is Not Only Fascinating Reading, It Is Still A First Rate Fictional Introduction To The Concept Of The Multiple Dimensions Of Space Instructive, Entertaining, And Stimulating To The Imagination Mathematics Teacher

From Biography Base Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster and theologian, is best known as the author of the mathematical satire Flatland 1884.He was educated at the City of London School and at St John s College, Cambridge, where he took the highest honours in classics, mathematics and theology, and became fellow of his college In 1862 he took orders After holding masterships at King Edward s School, Birmingham, and at Clifton College, he succeeded G F Mortimer as headmaster of the City of London School in 1865 at the early age of twenty six He was Hulsean lecturer in 1876.He retired in 1889, and devoted himself to literary and theological pursuits Dr Abbott s liberal inclinations in theology were prominent both in his educational views and in his books His Shakespearian Grammar 1870 is a permanent contribution to English philology In 1885 he published a life of Francis Bacon His theological writings include three anonymously published religious romances Philochristus 1878 , Onesimus 1882 , and Sitanus 1906.More weighty contributions are the anonymous theological discussion The Kernel and the Husk 1886 , Philomythus 1891 , his book The Anglican Career of Cardinal Newman 1892 , and his article The Gospels in the ninth edition of the Encyclop dia Britannica, embodying a critical view which caused considerable stir in the English theological world He also wrote St Thomas of Canterbury, his Death and Miracles 1898 , Johannine Vocabulary 1905 , Johannine Grammar 1906 Flatland was published in 1884.Sources that say he is the brother of Evelyn Abbott 1843 1901 , who was a well known tutor of Balliol College, Oxford, and author of a scholarly history of Greece, are in error.

- Paperback
- 96 pages
- Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions
- Edwin A. Abbott
- English
- 09 August 2018 Edwin A. Abbott
- 048627263X

When you read this book, keep two things in mind First, it was written back in 1880, when relativity had not yet been invented, when quantum theory was not yet discovered, when only a handful of mathematicians had the courage yet to challenge Euclid and imagine curved space geometries and geometries with infinite dimensionality As such, it is an absolutely brilliant work of speculative mathematics deftly hidden in a peculiar but strangely amusing social satire.Second, its point, even about i When you read this book, keep two things in mind First, it was written back in 1880, when relativity had not yet been invented, when quantum theory was not yet discovered, when only a handful of mathematicians had the courage yet to challenge Euclid and imagine curved space geometries and geometries with infinite dimensionality As such, it is an absolutely brilliant work of speculative mathematics deftly hidden in a peculiar but strangely amusing social satire.Second, its point, even about itself, is still as apropos today as it was then We still do not really know what the true dimensionality of the Universe is It seems somehow unlikely that it is just four , even in terms of spacetime dimensions String theory talks seriously about thousands of dimensions Quantum theory implements very seriously infinite numbers of dimensions And yet we are still stuck in our 3 space dimensions mentally, hardly able to visualize the 4 in which we live properly unless we study theoretical physics for a decade or three, and utterly unable to mentally imagine those four embedded in a veritable Hilbert s Grand Hotel of dimensions.Ultimately, this is a book about keeping an open mind A really open mind avoiding the trap of scientific materialism and the trap of theistic idealism and the trap of any other favorite ism you might come up with Our entire visible space time continuum could be nothingthan a single thin page in an infinitely thick book of similar pages, that book one of an infinite number of similar books on an infinite shelf, that shelf but one such shelf in an infinite bookcase of shelves, that bookcase but one in an infinite library of bookcases, that library but one but by now you get the idea.We have a hard time opening our minds up to the enormous range of possibilities, preferring to live our lives mentally trapped in a single tiny period on just one of those pages, in pointland We may be quite unable to actually perceive the space in which our tiny point is embedded, but our minds are capable of conceiving it, and Abbot s lovely parable is a mind expanding work to those who choose to read it that way.rgb

Take a classically styled, 19th century satire about Victorian social s dress it up in dimensional geometry involving anthropomorphized shapes e.g., lines, squares, cubes, etc bathe it in the sweet, scented waters of social commentary and wrap it all around humble, open minded Square as protagonist The result is Flatland, a unique classic parked at the intersection of a number of different genres, thus pinging the radar of a wider than normal audience to appreciate or detest it Sinc Take a classically styled, 19th century satire about Victorian social s dress it up in dimensional geometry involving anthropomorphized shapes e.g., lines, squares, cubes, etc bathe it in the sweet, scented waters of social commentary and wrap it all around humble, open minded Square as protagonist The result is Flatland, a unique classic parked at the intersection of a number of different genres, thus pinging the radar of a wider than normal audience to appreciate or detest it Since I m recommending the book, I m really hoping for the former, as I do not want to incur a cyber flogging or worse from my fellow goodreaders Soummath Let s get this out of the way right now As I alluded to in my intro, this book contains MATH Now I hesitate to even mention that, because of the potential angst that subject causes many of my friends I certainly don t want people going all and dashing away in a panic Rest easy and increase your calm, the math is very minor It s really limited to discussions of geometric figures in the context of how many spatial dimensions they inhabit Damn, that didn t sound good either.just trust me, you won t need a slide rule, an abacus or a lifeline to Stephen Hawking to read the book However, with that said, while the math is not tricky, some of the concepts can be a little brain twisty to try and visualize Thus, I want to caution that when you get to the section where a three dimensional Sphere is explaining a universe containing only one dimension to our two dimensional protagonist, you should.IMMEDIATELY DISCONTINUE READING until you have 1 burned some incense, 2 poured a big tumbler of whiskey, and 3 eaten a few peyote brownies, because the SHIT is about to get PLOT SUMMARY Written in 1884, the story is told by A Square, who lives in Flatland, a world of two dimensions, which means length and width, but no depth just like the Kardashians The men of Flatland are multi sided polygons, and thesides an individual has, the greater their social standing On the other hand, women are all simple lines and have no voice in the governing of the society Yepthe Flatlanders are chauvinists The book begins with A Square describing his life as part of the professional class and providing details on daily life in Flatland This section serves as a In reality, this is a pretty good satire on Victorian London society, the social caste system and gender inequality Later, A Square dreams of a one dimensional world called Lineland, where the inhabitants exist as simple points along a straight line, as there is no other width or depth I seriously hope you have that tumbler of whiskey and some brownies close by because you are going to need them What follows is a fun, but somewhat confusing discussions during which A Square tries to explain the two dimensional world to the king of Lineland Eventually, our protagonist wakes up back in Flatland, only to find that he is now being visited by a Sphere from a three dimensional universe whiskey peyote now Sphere takes our flatlander on a mind expanding, eye opening journey to witness the wonders and mysteries of the higher and higher dimensions 3rd, 4th, 5th, etc Afterwards, A Square returns to Flatland to teach the wonders of such enlightened dimensions to his fellow flatlanders, the result of which is nope no spoilers here THOUGHTS As I sit here, sober and mostly peyote free, I think I enjoyed the ideas and concepts of the storythan the actual plot The writing was fine, but nothing that struck me as particularly eloquent However, I ve the concepts of the story have stayed with me and I have actually becomeappreciative of the material as time has gone by Overall, I liked the book I think it s worth reading, butfor the interesting ideas and mental gymnastics that the narrative puts you through than for the simply enjoyment of the plot Still, a worthwhile read, and since it s actually a novella, you can get through it quickly without a large time commitment 3.0 stars Recommended

A curious little novella about a man a two dimensional world thinking literally out of the box First he explains his world in which the angles you have the higher social status you have in Flatland Circles being the highest rank He meets someone from Lineland one dimensional who is incapable of understanding Flatland and he meets Sphere from Spaceland three dimenions and he is able himself to comprehend the difference between up and North However, Sphere cannot extrapolate to 4 dim A curious little novella about a man a two dimensional world thinking literally out of the box First he explains his world in which the angles you have the higher social status you have in Flatland Circles being the highest rank He meets someone from Lineland one dimensional who is incapable of understanding Flatland and he meets Sphere from Spaceland three dimenions and he is able himself to comprehend the difference between up and North However, Sphere cannot extrapolate to 4 dimensions and when the protagonist returns to Flatland and tries to explain Spaceland, he is imprisoned as a heretic The text is a social criticism on the rigid thinking of hierarchal social ranks, the dogmatism and often anti scientific bent of religion, and also has a feminist bent to it as well A fascinating and mind bending little book that has not aged a day after almost a century and a half

When it comes to genre this book is in its own let me call it satirical math It anybody can come up with a better term, I am opened to suggestions The story takes part in a flat country universe where everything has only width and height in other words, in a flat surface, like a picture All the women in the country are straight lines and men are equilateral polygons thesides, the higher the status in their society The top guy has so many sides he is indistinguishable from a cir When it comes to genre this book is in its own let me call it satirical math It anybody can come up with a better term, I am opened to suggestions The story takes part in a flat country universe where everything has only width and height in other words, in a flat surface, like a picture All the women in the country are straight lines and men are equilateral polygons thesides, the higher the status in their society The top guy has so many sides he is indistinguishable from a circle for all practical purposes The hero of the tale is a Square His story consists of two parts The first part describes his flat country and boy, did Edwin A Abbott went full satirical on Victorian society The second part discusses an interesting mathematical topic Have you ever wonder what it would mean if we have fourth dimension in addition to our three The author tries to explain it by analogy our poor Square got to visit 3 D world and he is completely unable to grasp the idea of third dimension Still, at least some concepts are understandable.Is the tale highly original and imaginative Yes, without any doubt Was it written under some drug influence Probably, considering the availability of them during the time the book was written Is it worth reading The answer is, it depends What was your reaction to the word mathematics during your school year and possible college If upon hearing it you would start heavy sweating, your heart would develop some serious arrhythmia, and you face would turn an intriguing shade of green turn around, start running, and do not stop until you are on the other side of the Earth from the book Also in this case please subtract two stars from my rating If on the other hand you were at least decent in math and are curious how it can co exist with satire, go ahead and read it It is short and free from Project Gutenberg You do not even have to be on acid to enjoy it

This book should not be read in hopes of finding an entertaining story As a novel, it s terrible It s plot if you can call it that is simple and contrived But, it wasn t written as a novel.Flatland is a mathematical essay, meant to explain a point that higher dimensionsthan length, depth and width may be present in our universe, but if they are, it will be nearly impossible for us to understand them.The story itself consists of a two dimensional world Flatland , in which there are This book should not be read in hopes of finding an entertaining story As a novel, it s terrible It s plot if you can call it that is simple and contrived But, it wasn t written as a novel.Flatland is a mathematical essay, meant to explain a point that higher dimensionsthan length, depth and width may be present in our universe, but if they are, it will be nearly impossible for us to understand them.The story itself consists of a two dimensional world Flatland , in which there are people of assorted shapes These shapes live regular lives, just as we do The protagonist a square , is visited by a sphere, which tries to explain to him the existence of a third dimension This proves difficult, though, because to the square in flatland, the sphere appears to be nothingthan a circle that can expand, contract, disappear and reappear.In the course of the explanation, the book also describes Lineland, a one dimensional world where the inhabitants would also have trouble understanding dimensions above their own.This book s excellence lies in the way it takes a complex topic and breaks it down into a metaphor that can beeasily understood It argues quite well that if there is a fourth dimension, it probably isn t time This book isn t one that will win wide spread acclaim from the general reading community For those of us who enjoy higher math, though, it s excellent

I give it an extra star for it s originality, it s uniqueness The concept was genius, Abbott was probably a math genius himself However, as a work of literature it does not hold up well It has a shadowy similarity to

This was one crazy, opium fuelled, brilliant book about geometry and different dimensions and I am going to explain it the best way I can but Edwin A Abbott does it so much better.Here is a story of Square who is a square and lives in a two dimensional world of geometrical figures The first part of the book talks about the social breakdown of the Flatland and it is a thinly disguised satire on the Victorian society People are divided into classes according to their geometry and the worst off a This was one crazy, opium fuelled, brilliant book about geometry and different dimensions and I am going to explain it the best way I can but Edwin A Abbott does it so much better.Here is a story of Square who is a square and lives in a two dimensional world of geometrical figures The first part of the book talks about the social breakdown of the Flatland and it is a thinly disguised satire on the Victorian society People are divided into classes according to their geometry and the worst off are women who are not even figures they are just straight lines They have few rights and no one actually takes their intellect seriously On the other hand they are dangerous because being straight lines they can easily pierce any figure A woman from behind looks just like a dot, you might miss her until it s to late and she has stabbed you Different parts of Flatland developed different strategies for dealing with the danger, from not allowing women to leave their houses, to forcing them to constantly wiggle their bums, so they are visible from far They should also sound a peace cry when out and about, in case anyone missed the wiggling bum Seriously children, don t do drugs It makes you write things like that The second part of the book getsinteresting as it delves deeper into the concept of dimensions As I said, our hero lives in a two dimension reality Try to imagine such a world You probably see it as a piece of paper with various figures drawn on it Of course, that s how a creature from 3D world would see it You re looking at it from above, i.e from the third dimension If a 2D world was your entire reality you would only be able to see lines and dots Your eyes would be on the same level as the figures and you would see everything in one dimension and infer the second dimension because you can move in it and you have learnt it through experience.The same way we can t actually see the third dimension but we can tell it s there We know we can move in three dimensions and we know about perspective, light, shadow, etc It is easier for us to understand a two dimension reality than it is to imagine a four dimension one We can see it perfectly when our Square visits a one dimensional land and he laughs at it and tries to explain to the King that there isto life than just looking at a dot in front of you There is another dimension where there are not only dots but lines as well The King of course laughs him off Yet, when Square is confronted by Sphere who tells him about the third dimension and shows him tricks that the third dimension allows him to do, Square is just as incredulous.Even though the mathematics tells him there must be another dimension and another, and another , he can t quite believe it until Sphere shows him a little bit of a 3D world Then he is a convert, and he quickly assumes there must bedimensions Fourth and fifth and ad infinitum I think while reading this I got as close as I would ever get to understanding and imagining a 4D world If in a 3D world we can see the insides of everything of a 2D world, then I suppose a in 4D world we would be able to actually SEE all three dimensions, all the insides of everything My brains hurts Am I making any sense I thought I could see it but now it s been a week after I finished reading the book and had those vivid dreams about the fourth dimension The vision pales I still believe in it but I can no longer grasp it Just like the poor Square, back in his 2D Land, thrown in prison for preaching revolution, still believes in the third dimension, but can no longer conjure the image of a Sphere in his head Sometimes he feels he can almost see it again for half a second, and then it s gone

I used to be a renegade, I used to fool around But I couldn t take the punishment and had to settle down Now I m playing it real straight, and yes, I cut my hair You might think I m crazy, but I don t even care Because I can tell what s going onIt s hip to be square Huey Lewis And The News Hip To Be SquareAccording to IMDB, several film adaptations have been made of Flatland, but no blockbusting Pixar DreamWorks extravaganza just yet If they do make one I can t imagine aappropriate tI used to be a renegade, I used to fool around But I couldn t take the punishment and had to settle down Now I m playing it real straight, and yes, I cut my hair You might think I m crazy, but I don t even care Because I can tell what s going onIt s hip to be square Huey Lewis And The News Hip To Be SquareAccording to IMDB, several film adaptations have been made of Flatland, but no blockbusting Pixar DreamWorks extravaganza just yet If they do make one I can t imagine aappropriate theme song than the above Huey Lewis And The News number Flatland is set in a two dimensional world and narrated in the first person by a square or A Square as appears on the original edition s book cover In the first half of the book Square gives us a tour of his world where women are straight lines and, if you are symmetrical, thesides you have the better This means that circles are the elite of this society because they are really polygons with zillions of super tiny sides Irregular polygons are abominations and isosceles are plebeians Special laws are applied to women because they are capable of accidentally stabbing people to death due to their pointiness Use of colours is banned because they can be used as disguises How these geometric persons move around without legs is deliberately left unexplained with a bit of lampshading The second half of the book tells the remarkable story of Square s adventures in lands of different dimensions, one, three and even zero no trip to the fourth dimension, though no time, probably Guided by an enigmatic Sphere who seems to have popped up out of nowhere and who Square initially mistook to be a circle , these trips to other planes of existence enables Square to not only think outside the box but to introduce him to the existence of boxes This was a steep learning curve for him but he adapts like a champ and becomes arounded individual because of it Flatland is a very odd novella it is part allegory, part satire, part geometry lessons, part spec fic I generally avoid reading geometry books because they are full of problems I don t want to consider screw the hypotenuse, man However, for Flatland I don t mind making an exception, for once I find the flat characters entirely acceptable and even find theapparently rounded character to be arrogant and clearly obtuse in their outlook, if not in appearance The satirical look at the class system makes this all too real issue painfully acute One thing that blows my mind a bit is that prior to reading the book I visualized it as a story of different geometric shapes moving around going about their business However, the denizens of the Flatland cannot actually see these different shapes As the Square or Edwin Abbott Abbott mentions early in the book you have to imagine looking at these shapes with your line of sight on the same level as their surface Mr Abbott explains it very clearly as followsPlace a penny on the middle of one of your tables in Space and leaning over it, look down upon it It will appear a circle But now, drawing back to the edge of the table, gradually lower your eye thus bringing yourselfandinto the condition of the inhabitants of Flatland , and you will find the penny becomingandoval to your view, and at last when you have placed your eye exactly on the edge of the table so that you are, as it were, actually a Flatlander the penny will then have ceased to appear oval at all, and will have become, so far as you can see, a straight line So all they really ever see is straight lines of different lengths, however, they can distinguish the different geometrical shapes by hearing, by touch done by the working class only , and by sight with the aid of fog for estimating depths different angles appear to fade differently into fog In the one dimensional Lineland everybody looks like a point and sideways movement is impossible as for the zero dimensional Pointland, there is only one denizen and he is weird I really enjoyed Flatland, it is bizarre and thought provoking it definitely gave me a new perspective on life The treatment of women may seem a little sexist but E.A Abbott is perhaps satirizing sexism rather than perpetuating it I definitely recommend you read Flatland before you flatline.Notes Audiobook credit Wonderfully read for Librovox i.e free by Ruth Golding link There are quite a few diagrams scattered over the book, drawn by AbbottX2 himself, they illustrate the geometrical concepts nicely These should be in all editions as they are intrinsic to the story There is one error in the book where Square mentions a cellarSo I endeavoured to reassure her by some story, invented for the occasion, that I had accidentally fallen through the trap door of the cellar, and had there lain stunnedYou can t have a bloody cellar if you only have two dimensions and you can t fall through anything Another error I think is the existence of cupboards in Flatland If there is no depth or verticality you can t have cupboards The 3D world is called Spaceland, it is not our world Their most popular singer is probably Britney Sphere I initially thought this book was a collaboration between two abbots Quotes Yet even in our best regulated and most approximately Circular families I cannot say that the ideal of family life is so high as with you in Spaceland There is peace, in so far as the absence of slaughter may be called by that name.In a word, to comport oneself with perfect propriety in Polygonal society, one ought to be a Polygon oneself Such at least is the painful teaching of my experience.Doubtless, the life of an Irregular is hard but the interests of the Greater Number require that it shall be hard If a man with a triangular front and a polygonal back were allowed to exist and to propagate a stillIrregular posterity, what would become of the arts of life You, who are blessed with shade as well as light, you, who are gifted with two eyes, endowed with a knowledge of perspective, and charmed with the enjoyment of various colours, you, who can actually SEE an angle, and contemplate the complete circumference of a circle in the happy region of the Three Dimensions how shall I make clear to you the extreme difficulty which we in Flatland experience in recognizing one another s configuration Hipster Square

Flatland A Romance of Many Dimensions, Edwin A AbbottFlatland A Romance of Many Dimensions is a satirical novella by the English schoolmaster Edwin Abbott, first published in 1884 by Seeley Co of London Written pseudonymously by A Square , the book used the fictional two dimensional world of Flatland to comment on the hierarchy of Victorian culture, but the novella senduring contribution is its examination of dimensions The story describes a two dimensional world occupied by geome Flatland A Romance of Many Dimensions, Edwin A AbbottFlatland A Romance of Many Dimensions is a satirical novella by the English schoolmaster Edwin Abbott, first published in 1884 by Seeley Co of London Written pseudonymously by A Square , the book used the fictional two dimensional world of Flatland to comment on the hierarchy of Victorian culture, but the novella senduring contribution is its examination of dimensions The story describes a two dimensional world occupied by geometric figures, whereof women are simple line segments, while men are polygons with various numbers of sides The narrator is a square, a member of the caste of gentlemen and professionals, who guides the readers through some of the implications of life in two dimensions The first half of the story goes through the practicalities of existing in a two dimensional universe as well as a history leading up to the year 1999 on the eve of the 3rd Millennium On New Year s Eve, the Square dreams about a visit to a one dimensional world Lineland inhabited by lustrous points These points are unable to see the Square as anything other than a set of points on a line Thus, the Square attempts to convince the realm s monarch of a second dimension but is unable to do so In the end, the monarch of Lineland tries to kill A Square rather than tolerate his nonsense any further 1997 1375 195 9645512433 1388 172 9789644310799 1393 19 1387 192 9789648851366 1397 9786001927768 188419201983

At the outset the 5 stars are entirely subjective I love maths, I love playing mathematical games, I love philosophising about maths So this book is perfect for me But if maths is not your cup of tea, you may not enjoy it as much as I did.I first read about this book in one of Martin Gardner s Mathematical Games anthologies, and was enthralled by the concept In fact, he discusses two books Flatland by Edwin A Abbot and An Episode of Flatland by Charles Hinton written with the same pr At the outset the 5 stars are entirely subjective I love maths, I love playing mathematical games, I love philosophising about maths So this book is perfect for me But if maths is not your cup of tea, you may not enjoy it as much as I did.I first read about this book in one of Martin Gardner s Mathematical Games anthologies, and was enthralled by the concept In fact, he discusses two books Flatland by Edwin A Abbot and An Episode of Flatland by Charles Hinton written with the same premise He says Hinton s book is better, and I have managed to locate an online version recently, but have not had time to read it so far We live in a world of three dimensions It is easy for us to deal with one dimension the line , two dimensions the plane and three dimensions space But can we conceptualise a fourth dimension It is well nigh impossible, for our whole being is tied up on this three dimensional paradigm.Abbot s fictional world is two dimensional The characters move about on a flat landscape They cannot imagine a third dimension The narrator of the story, A Square, is living the relatively comfortable life of a country gent until he is snatched up into Spaceland by a sphere, a three dimensional being He has a view of his land from a three dimensional perspective, and Square is never the same again He comes back to preach the concept of Space to his fellow countrymen and is promptly incarcerated in an asylum as a lunatic.There is no story in this short novella it isof a mathematical exploration and social commentary The first part uses the Flatland society to poke fun at Victorian norms, and is quite entertaining The inhabitants of Flatland are all geometrical figures social pedigree is conferred by the number of sides one has, the lowliest being the isoceles triangles the soldiers and the highest being the cirles the priests The circle is a special instance of a polygon with an infinite number of sides The male children of a member of one class are usually born with oneside than the parent, so social climbing is possible However, the women are all single lines they can t aspire to be anything other than women There are also irregular polygons, who are social misfits.Abbot explains at length the geography and history of his society The Chromatic Revolution where an attempt to overthrow the established order by a scheming irregular is scuttled by a clever circle, through an inspiring speech in parliament worthy of Mark Antony, is especially hilarious.In the second part, the story submerges itself in the philosophy of maths The protagonist has a vision of Lineland , a world of a single dimension he tries to explain Flatland to the King of that realm, but with little success Then, our hero has a visit from a Sphere, an inhabitant of Spaceland , and he faces the same problem in comprehending the third dimension as the king of Lineland had in comprehending the second later, the Sphere demonstrates the same shortsight when Square moots the possibility of a fourth dimension.Square is transported into Spaceland by Sphere, and suddenly he can see Flatland from the outside including the inside of the houses and the intestines of the inhabitants, all at the same time He also comprehends that the magical ability of a Spaceland denizen to move in and out of Flatland wherever he she wishes is nothing but a question of simple three dimensional geometry Square also is witness to a parliarmentary meeting where the Sphere makes a surprise appearance, to try to convince the rulers of Flatland about the existence of space, but to no avail The preaching of space is a state crime in Flatland, with the penalty of either death or life in confinement according to the social status of the individual the ultimate fate of the narrator of the story.Yet even though he is destined to spend his remaining life in an asylum, Square is not willing to let go of his vision of Space Once seen, he is transformed for life.Abbot, a teacher and theologician, uses his knowledge of philosophy and mathematics not only to create a satire, but also to raise big questions about the limitations of perception in general It is an extremely enjoyable read, and the issues it raises will stay with you even after you finish it Since it is available online free from Gutenberg, I suggest everyone to give it a try